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Founder: The Democratic Republic of Aevum Interventu Founder

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Most Nations: 338th Largest Black Market: 1,513th
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Welcome to Aevum Interventu!

We are a geopolitical role-play region made by long-time friends and roleplayers, with a stress on creative realism. Beginning in the 1950s, we use a progressive timescale to allow the development of the roleplay world.

Our timescale works on a 2 weeks = 1 year basis. The current roleplay year is: 1956.

The RMB is only for in-character posts, out-of-character discussions are on discord!

If you’re interested in joining our community, feel free to take a look around!


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  1. 4

    Sports and Culture | Overview

    FactbookOverview by Aevum interventu sports and culture . 103 reads.

  2. 2

    Time's Person of the Year

    AccountDiplomacy by Columbia Gem of the Ocean . 61 reads.

  3. 2

    Aevum Interventu | The United Nations

    FactbookOverview by TheUnited-Nations . 108 reads.

Embassies: The Embassy, Fredonia, matheo, Guinea Kiribati, Aster, United Mapgame Nations, Voclazia, The Roleplaying Paradise, Barbaria, The Merchants Guild, and EmbassyRegionia.

Tags: Capitalist, Casual, Communist, Democratic, Human-Only, Large, Map, Neutral, Offsite Chat, Past Tech, Regional Government, Role Player, and 3 others.Serious, Social, and Sports.

Aevum Interventu contains 60 nations, the 338th most in the world.

Today's World Census Report

The Most Extensive Public Healthcare in Aevum Interventu

World Census interns were infected with obscure diseases in order to test which nations had the most effective and well-funded public healthcare facilities.

As a region, Aevum Interventu is ranked 5,474th in the world for Most Extensive Public Healthcare.

NationWA CategoryMotto
1.The Divine National Worker State of PletamiaPsychotic Dictatorship“Christ, Marx, and the Pletamian Race”
2.The Kingdom of StolklandInoffensive Centrist Democracy“För Sverige – i tiden”
3.The Tai Kingdom of South East Asian StatesNew York Times Democracy“นักปฏิวัติ เราไม่เคยกลัวตาย”
4.The People's Republic of BolzhariaDemocratic Socialists“Съединението прави силата”
5.The Kingdom of Cyrenaica of Val Verde-Inoffensive Centrist Democracy“برقة ! برقة ! برقة!”
6.The United Dominium of CharlesenburgIron Fist Consumerists“Dominus Deus omnium hominum”
7.The Federal Republic of Malian Socialist FederationDemocratic Socialists“Democracy in All Things”
8.The United Socialist States of TurqiestanCorrupt Dictatorship“For the Eagle!”
9.The Kingdom of JasumaaDemocratic Socialists“Motto...”
10.The Poor Principality of DourCorrupt Dictatorship“For King, Country and Empire”
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Regional Happenings

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Aevum Interventu Regional Message Board

Standing on Quick Sand

With no definite or really any response from the state of India or any diplomats Arif has been angered over the fact Kashmir is entirely in Indian hands, and that Islamabad could be subject to attack by India.

So without any care, he threw caution to the wind and decided that he wanted to, "Hunt a Whale" in his own words.
Sudanese battalions with the support of a few small field artillery have begun to close in on Gurdaspur, a popular Indian city south of Kashmir, Arif believes that if he can cut off any supplies flowing into the region he can starve pockets of Indian troops and force them to leave Kashmir ultimately Pakistan.

Besides that minor reform movements have attempted to rebuild the nation's industry and its shambled economy, he has re-opened schools and has made the 'New rupee' a currency that of 0.4 USD for a 100 'New rupee'.
Schools and Government subsidized jobs are open for those who are able and can work long hours, any soldiers wounded in combat during the Civil War will be payed-off by the government for their deeds to the nation after the 'New rupee' comes into effect.

Besides the economic reform he plans on distributing money to communities that were the target of battles and were brought to shambles during the conflict, he also is opening press, allowing for a 'more democratic nation' in the hands of an Autocratic ruler.
May peace finally come to the subcontinent.

Battalion Numbers:
4,590 Sudanese Combatants
30 Feild Artillery
200 Pakistani 'Elites'
45 'Sub-Tackticus' Unit

Equipment(For Pakistani Crew):
Khyber Rifles-205
British 75mm howitzers-11
Lee-Enfield Mk.1-70
Engineering Equipment
Ammunition
Civilian Supply Vehicles

Tag(s)
Indian-State
Sudanese Mahdiyya
Miwok-

SVENSKA DABLADET - SWEDISH DAILY NEWS

Stockholm, 1956

THE PEOPLE'S PARTY ARE REELECTED WITH SOILD MAJORITY IN GENERAL ELECTION

PM Gustafsson's party were reelected by the Swedish people with a firm majority in the Riksdag on Friday. The party saw significant gains in the election and jumped up from 125 seats in 1952 to 154 today. The election saw the major decline of smaller parties with the Moderates losing nearly 30 seats to the People's Party in rural areas of the country. The Social Democrats however, the government's main political rival, did see significant gains as well and stole 20 seats from the Greens who are now left with only 10 seats to represent them in parliament. Even the far-right and radical-irredentist Swedish Nationalist Party lost 2 seats and are now left with a measly 1 seat as they cling on to their representation in Swedish politics. This election has been evident of an obvious shift towards bi-partisan politics in the country with smaller parties facing a severe drop in voters as the Social Democrats and the People's Party come to dominate the political scene. The Moderates are theorised to have lost so many seats due to being essentially out of touch with the Swedish public and their almost apathetic stance on foreign affairs and the military. Their messages of religiosity and and their desire to turn Sweden to a near-isolationist stance has made many turn to the People's Party in traditional Moderate strongholds such as Gothenburg, Norrland and Jämtland. The Greens also seemingly lost touch with their base of environmentalist and left leaning middle class voters who believe that their interests will be better served by the Social Democrats who also strongly push for a strict policy of neutrality. With Gustafsson seemingly having solidified his party's lead in the election, it is likely that he will pursue closer ties with NATO and Europe with even more vigour. The Swedish Government may even hold a referendum on NATO membership in the near future and will push Swedish support for the European Project. The Social Democrats' gains however cannot be ignored and not everyone who voted for the People's Party necessarily endorses or supports Gustafsson's foreign policies. The Anti-NATO base is now even stronger in the Swedish Parliament being 20 seats up from 1952. Will these trends continue into the future and will Sweden's politics be relegated to a two-party political system, like in the UK and the US, or will the Moderates make a comeback if either of the two winning horses trip?

Election Results:

Turnout: 84%
Total votes: 6,308,378

Swedish People's Party: 3,082,382 votes
Swedish Social Democratic Party: 2,253,938 votes
Moderate Party: 693,382 votes
Green Party: 238,283 votes
Swedish Nationalist Party: 40,393 votes

Η Αυγή | The Dawn
Athens, February 1956

1956 Elections Conclude as Caramanlis Secures Majority

    Constantine Caramanlis' tenuous hold over the premiership in Athens has passed its first test, as the Prime Minister's own Panhellenic Radical Union party managed to eke out a slim majority in the halls of parliament following the nationwide legislative elections held over the past weekend. The Panhellenic Union faced stiff opposition from the hastily-formed Democratic Union, a coalition of mainly leftist and centrist parties largely under the control of Papandreou's Democratic Socialists and Passalidis' United Democratic Left to contest the growing power of Caramanlis. The Progressive Party, founded by Panhellenic Union breakaway Stephanos Stephanopoulos and some supporters, has managed to gain 2 seats. Many erstwhile heavyweight political contenders on the right continue to be baffled at the decision of King Paul to appoint the relatively young Caramanlis to the premiership the past year, bypassing figures such as Stephanopoulos and Kanellopoulos who were thought to be next in line after Papagos' untimely death, though the electoral results seem to prove the King's judgment correct as Caramanlis continues his dominance of the Greek right.

    The results of the election are being hotly contested, however, by representatives from the Democratic Union. Representatives from the Democratic Union have asserted that the electoral system is unfair and corrupt. Indeed they may have reason to complain, as the country currently operates with two rather complex electoral systems, instituted by the Caramanlis government the past year in addition to its reforms to the Voule. In rural municipalities, where Caramanlis was expected to gain a plurality, the reforms instituted a simple majority system. On the other hand, urban communities where more leftist parties were expected to lead had to contend with a system of proportional representation. These changes, as contested by Papandreou, Passalidis, and the rest of the Democratic Union, have given Caramanlis' party an unfair advantage in the elections. Indeed, cumulatively the parties of the Democratic Union gained a larger share of the popular vote than the Panhellenic Union did. Even so, the Demoratic Union still only came up 17 seats short of a majority. Many members of the Democratic Union have stated no intention to work alongside the current government as a result of the alleged electoral corruption. For now, however, it seems that Greek politics have joined the growing global trend of biparty governance. One can only wonder how long the coalitions will last, however, as such a slim but decisive defeat could spell the end for the newborn Democratic Union.

    In his victory, Caramanlis has dismissed the allegations as dishonest troublemaking, without paying any heed to the veracity of the accusations. Caramanlis also affirmed his passionate approval of the European Project, hoping that one day Greece would be able to join the serried ranks of the Western European powers. He also announced the formation of a second five-year plan, to last from 1957 to 1962, for the Greek economy, with a continued emphasis on improving agriculture even further, as well as promotion of heavy investment into infrastructure, light industry, shipbuilding, and the slowly burgeoning tourism sector - largely a continuation of the first plan announced in 1952.

Panhellenic Union: 190 seats, 52.1% | 2,560,404 votes, 47.8%
Democratic Union: 173 seats, 47.4% | 2,655,688 votes, 49.2% [Democratic Socialists: 88 seats; United Democratic Left: 73 seats; Liberals: 4 seats; People's Party: 3 seats; Christian Democrats: 3 seats; Agricultural and Labour Party: 2 seats]
Progressive Party: 2 seats, 0.5% | 161,322 votes, 3%

BALING TALKS 1956

The current Malayan Emergency has been at a stalemate as Commonwealth forces has cornered the Communists in the northern states of Kedah and northern Perak. Dato’ Onn calls for a meeting between Communist leader Chin Peng, Singapore’s Chief Minister David Marshall and himself.

The talks was held at the town of Baling in Kedah, where it is the neutral zone between the Malayan government and the Communist forces. The talks was held for over 2 days, with each day lasting around 8 hours.

Dato’ Onn praised the Communists for their fight for freedom, their confidence and their nationalist ideology for an independent Malaya. He thanked Chin Peng on his confidence with the Malayan government on attending the meeting. Dato’ Onn continues to reassure the Communists that his government does not judge their ideology. He intend to form a ceasefire between them and the Commonwealth forces, promising them that their actions will not be prosecuted.

Chief Minister David Marshall applaud this move to help ensure the independence of Singapore and joining Malaya after of the Merdeka Talks. The leftist movement in Singapore will also enjoy the same rights as the Communists, ensuring fair elections to be held in the island colony.

UMNO leader Tengku Abdul Rahman was also present in the meeting, supporting Dato’ Onn’s condition with the Communist to for safety and security of Malayans. However, he believes that communism does not have a place in Malaya due to the nature of Malay nobility being present, revolving around kings and royal families.

Pakistan in chaos, a decaying Haiti and the Gambian War

Fall of 1955

Allen Dulles stood in front of a portrait of President George Washington in a corridor of the White House. Holding a smoking pipe in between his lips, he adjusted his glasses and looked up at the President, whose visage gazed across the corridor and to a nearby painting of President Theodore Roosevelt. He turned, following the late President's gaze until he found Roosevelt. The man scoffed and spewed smoke all around him, finding the positioning of the two paintings quite convenient. Looking at Washington once again, he began to wonder if the Founding Father would approve of what he was doing. If he would ever agree to his plans and machinations to keep the United States safe from those who sought to hurt it. From the Soviet Union, to China, to the European powers, the Mafia and others. All of them sought to tear the nation apart and all that stood in between these forces of evil was Allen Dulles. All the espionage, assassinations, kidnappings, torture, and many other tactics were used to keep America's enemies at bay. In order to protect democracy, men like Allen Dulles were forced to get their hands dirty and ensure that the evil forces that wanted to tear America apart would be foiled time and time again. The CIA was the bastion of liberty and democracy. The sword that slayed those who would destroy it. Tactics be damned. The activists do not realize how important the CIA is. Perhaps, it was best that they did not know it existed…

Hearing soft footsteps to his side, Dulles turned to see one of the President's aides and he could already hear what she was going to say. The time had come for his meeting with President Nixon. Shooting one last look at Washington, he shook his head. Of what good were principles when their enemies had none? His hands were clean in his eyes, momentarily covered in blood when it was necessary to protect that which they held dear. In any case, he'd let God decide his fate.

Entering the Oval Office, Dulles shook hands with the President and after a curt greeting the two went straight to business. Ever since he met him following the elections in 1952, Dulles had gotten used to the formal style of Nixon which differed slightly from the late Eisenhower's style. He didn't complain though, things were more efficient this way. Small talk was time wasted. Especially in times like these.

This afternoon, Dulles had three topics of great interest to the Executive and the CIA to discuss. The Gambia, Haiti and the situation in Pakistan. All three places had heavy Central Intelligence involvement and Dulles had taken personal interest in all three locations, especially after the tragic death of his brother John Foster Dulles a year before. When given the choice, President Nixon chose Pakistan as the first topic of conversation.

Allen Dulles was fairly optimistic about the situation in Pakistan. The Indians had the situation well in hand militarily. With the state in disarray, the Pakistani military was essentially leaderless and by all accounts would be unable to resist an Indian takeover of Kashmir and potentially even Pakistan itself.

Nixon was quick to raise objections over a potential complete annexation of Pakistan by the Indians. On the one hand, it was the perfect breeding ground for future conflict and on the other, Nixon wanted to maintain some semblance of a relationship between Pakistan and the United States when all this was over.

Dulles assured him that the Indians had made it clear to Secretary of State Christian Herter that they had no intention of annexing Pakistan, however they appeared interested in a takeover of Kashmir.

Again, the President raised objections and would order Herter to propose a potential partition in the future. While Nixon didn't mention it in their conversation, he had plans to propose a resolution to the UNSC to bring this whole thing to a close before it got worse. That aside, Dulles outlined the CIA's role in all this. There were agents on the ground in India and Kashmir, mostly by Dulles' own initiative. He explained that the agents were serving an advisory role for Indian forces and as intelligence specialists against both the Pakistani military and the insurgent groups plaguing the country. Happy with the current state of affairs, Nixon had Dulles move on to the next topic.

Haiti was next on the list of important topics to bring up to the President. Dulles wanted to keep it brief because he didn't think the President would have the stomach to know the full details of what was happening in that accursed island. When Dulles attempted vagueness, Nixon was quick to push him for details. It left him with no choice but to be frank with the Commander-in-Chief.

Dulles was brief, yet it gave Nixon the full idea of what was happening. Outside the capitals of Santo Domingo and Port-au-Prince, Haiti was a hellhole, a true Hell on Earth. All intelligence delivered by informants and what little survivors managed to get through the barricades spoke of horrific mass executions, toture and wanton destruction. The countryside of Haiti had been set ablaze both literally and metaphorically.

When Nixon suggested reaching out to Rafael Trujillo (who appeared to be the most sane out of the two warlords), Dulles quickly shot the idea down. The Director of Central Intelligence made it clear that all data on the two warlords painted them as insane and unhinged. 'Dialogue' and 'compromise' were not words that existed in the vocabulary of either man. It was to both Nixon and Dulles that nothing could be done for Haiti. For now, all they could do was support the Government of National Salvation in Santo Domingo and Port-au-Prince and hope for the best.

Lastly, Dulles would discuss The Gambia with the President. In recent days, Mali had begun plans to take over the British colony. The Gambia was a strategic point for both Mali and Great Britain. On the one hand, the colony served as yet another naval base for the formidable Royal Navy and on the other, the Malians hoped for access to the Gambia River and fulfill their expansionist aims of controlling West Africa. While the United States' anti-colonialist stance was evident, Dulles suggested non-intervention. The risks of angering the British and destabilizing NATO were high and all projections showed an eventual Malian victory. The British Empire would fall and America would not need to do anything but sit back and watch the fireworks.

However, despite Dulles' warnings, the President insisted. He wanted CIA advisors on the ground and intelligence specialists assisting Malian forces in expelling the British. In fact, Nixon had gone as far as to call on the Joint Chiefs to provide military trainers if requested. Despite Dulles' objections, he nodded at the President's request. Even if it was reckless, he was still President. There was a silver lining to this. Before the meeting was over, Nixon told Dulles to make sure they had plausible deniability on every mission conducted in The Gambia.

Sharing a firm handshake, the two men parted ways. Dulles had a lot of work ahead of him and with everything that was happening, he was certain things wouldn't get any easier.

The U-2's first flight

Spring of 1956

The Lockheed U-2 spyplane, also known as the "Dragon Lady" was America's latest addition to its arsenal of reconnaissance and espionage tools that it could use against its enemies in the East. Envisioned as a recon aircraft that could perform flights above 70,000 feet and away from the range of Soviet aircraft and SAM batteries, the U-2 would serve as a capable long range recon aircraft that could take detailed images of Soviet installations and other facilities. Initially, the project would be under the control of the United States Air Force, however, U.S President Richard M. Nixon and other officials feared that if a U-2 were to be shot down by the Soviets and discovered to be military, it could start a war. Instead, Nixon turned to Director of Intelligence Allen Dulles and the Central Intelligence Agency to operate the flights. He reluctantly agreed and the USAF and CIA joint project for the U-2 was formed. Lockheed, the designer and manufacturer of the plane was not one of the original companies tasked with constructing the aircraft. In fact, Lockheed had received details on the project and began their own private venture to produce an aircraft with the specifics outlined by the United States Government. Lockheed tasked American engineer Clarence "Kelly" Johnson to produce an aircraft with the exact specifications. While the first prototype was rejected by the government, a modified version was introduced by Kelly and this would become the infamous U-2. The U-2 was manufactured in Burbank, California by Lockheed's "Skunk Works''. To avoid detection by Soviet spies, the planes were dismantled once finished and flown to Edwards Air Force Base to what would become the Nevada Test and Training Range in the 1960's. Training flights began shortly after.

The first flight occurred in early 1956. Codenamed DRAGON LADY (which would give the nickname to the aircraft), the CIA made its first reconnaissance overflights over Cuba following authorization by President Nixon. An additional two aircraft were transferred to U.S bases in South and West Germany from which flights were conducted over Poland and East Germany. These flights remained a closely guarded secret, with U.S allies such as Canada, the United Kingdom, France, and even South Germany kept in the dark on the overflights. Allen Dulles had insisted on secrecy for the time being, asserting that U.S allies were unreliable and could not be trusted to keep the project a secret. While Nixon initially agreed, he called on Secretary of State Christian Herter to call a secret meeting with Canadian and British officials to discuss the possibility of sharing project DRAGON LADY with Canadian and British intelligence agencies to expand the scope and effectiveness of the recon program. Dulles expressed his opposition to the move, though reluctantly agreed to provide briefings to the heads of MI6 and the RCMP Security Service once an agreement had been established.

In late 1956, Herter sent a secret telegram to London and Ottawa requesting a meeting with the President of the United States to "discuss matters of great significance concerning collective security." While the telegram did not go into detail do to security concerns, Heter expressed great urgency and that the meeting needed to be "scheduled as soon as possible."

The nation's endorsement of President Nixon

Fall of 1956

The 1956 Republican National Convention had been contentious to say the least. While the liberal faction of the party dominated the nomination, many across the party were unsure of Nixon who had shown himself to be a fairly progressive domestically and particularly strong yet compromising on foreign affairs. His popularity was fairly high for a President who had reached the White House through the line of succession. However, options to replace him where few and far between. None of the potential candidates had the poll standings necessary to win. There were also other factors that led to Nixon's nomination to be the Republican Party's nominee for the 1956 Presidential Election. One of them was Nixon's ability to carry the party to victory during the 1954 midterm elections which saw the party gain a majority in both the Senate and House chambers. Another one was Nixon's rapport with former Senate Majority Leader Lyndon B. Johnson. Both men had worked together to pass bipartisan legislation through Congress, something the Republicans would need even if they had a majority. With all this in mind, Nixon along with his running mate George T. Mickelson of South Dakota were nominated for the Republican ticket.

Elsewhere, the Democrats sought a more moderate ticket following the loss in 1952 and 1954 after fielding conservative candidates. The Democratic leadership, while mostly controlled by conservatives, they hoped to capture some of the moderate vote by fielding more centrist candidates. The convention eventually nominated former New York Governor and businessman W. Averell Harriman and Senator Estes Kefauver. Harriman had been an early supporter of the Congressional "New Deal" plan to fight the effects of the Great Depression and was considered a "liberal Democrats" by most accounts. However, he, like many other Democrats had turned a blind eye to the segregationists in the South, which was part of the gentleman's agreement to be nominated for the presidency. During his campaign, Harriman and Kefauver ran on an economic reform campaign, anti-communism and a hardline against crime.

Campaigning was fierce, yet neither Harriman nor Kefauver could match the energy and intensity of Nixon's campaigning. The Republicans were able to campaign in more states than Harriman and Nixon drew more crowds than the businessman, who lacked the President's popularity and strength of character. Nixon, alongside Mickelson campaigned hard on a platform which called for reform on several domestic issues such as healthcare, education, housing, and labor. In his campaigns, Nixon's reform proposals were smeared as "socialism", yet he would hit back by telling his opponents that his policy proposals would fight socialism. Perhaps, his most controversial proposal was the introduction of publicly funded healthcare for the elderly, the poor and the disabled. His plan would see President Theodore Roosevelt's 1915 Social Security Act amended to include a new social program to cover healthcare costs for millions of Americans who could not afford it. The idea resonated with many Americans, who fully supported the idea. Others, however, saw the proposal as "communism in disguise" and the Democrats took advantage of it by running smear ads on Nixon. However, the President remained adamant in his pursuit of his policy programs.

On election day, Richard Nixon won the election in a landslide. He not only captured the popular vote but also won the Electoral College by 331 votes compared to Harriman's 94 votes. Nixon's re-election was a nationwide endorsement of a new era for American politics. Many Americand saw Nixon as the heir to the legacy of Eisenhower and his actions between 1953 and 1956 had convinced many Americans that the young Senator from California was the right man for the job.

UNSC Resolution 108 Passed

In an almost unanimous vote, and in a sense of unity, the United Nation Security Council voted on UNSC Resolution 108. All parties in the UNSC voted for the resolution proposed by the United States and supported by the Republic of India with an abstention from the People's Republic of China. The resolution was drafted to maintain law and order within the Islamic Federation of Pakistan, to answer the Kashmir question and to aid India and Iran with the ongoing refugee crisis, where thousands of Pakistani civilians are escaping the violence and war crimes in their home country. "The United Nations Mission to Pakistan" will be formed with troops from the United States, the Soviet Union, United Kingdom and the Republic of India. The duties of the mission are to bring and maintain law and order within the Islamic Federation of Pakistan and to uphold the rule of law and political and human rights. This includes a formation of a civilian government and democratic elections. The UNSC resolution will also mean in the opening of an investigation into human rights abuses by all sides of the Pakistani civil war, including the the volunteer forces sent by the theocratic state of Sudan. The government of India has also called on for a resolution for the Kashmir issue with the Pakistan state with guidance and enforcement by the United Nations. New Delhi stressed that the government of India would not negotiate with the current military administration of Pakistan and will be open to negotiate with a UN backed civilian government in Islamabad.

Meanwhile, Pakistani forces have attempted to cut off India from Kashmir by attacking the District of Gurdaspur, Punjab's third largest city. The Pakistani army and Jihadists from Sudan crossed into the the sovereign territory of the Republic of India. The Border Security Forces, a division of the Punjab Regiment, three divisions of the Sikh Regiment and a division of the Sikh Light Infantry along with the assistance by the 10th, 11th Armoured Regiments and the 298 Field Regiment began to defend the city from the Pakistani attack. The Indian Army swiftly pushed back the Pakistani Army and the Sudanese back into their own territory in the matter of two days, with the Indian Army expelling the Pakistani Army from the outskirts of the city. The Indian Air Force began their strikes against Pakistani artillery pieces and supply units, with their troops fleeing in civilian automobiles, the Indian Army ended up capturing 1100 members of the Sudanese volunteers and 800 Pakistani troops, which were noted to be malnourished and poorly equipped. The Indian Army and the government of India have also noted that the attack against the city was seen as a "poorly planned operation by the Arif military dictatorship, to give his regime any semblance of normalcy and a quick victory for his shattered army." The Indian Border Security Forces, Army, Navy and Air Force are now in full mobilization to prevent any attack on the Republic of India.

The Republic of India, in response to Sudan's involvement in the conflict within the Indian subcontinent and its attack on its national sovereignty has resulted in New Delhi to recall its ambassador, expel Sudanese diplomats and to implement economic sanctions on the state. New Delhi calls on the United States, United Kingdom and the Soviet Union to follow suite.

The Election of 1957

A general election was held in India from February to June, the second elections to the Lok Sabha since India gained her independence in 1947. The last elections took place after the removal of Nehru from the post of Prime Minister in 1950, with the first one being held a year after with Subhash Chandra Bose as the candidate for the Indian National Congress. The Indian National Congress won a super-majority in the Lok Sabha, with many pundits predicting that the INC will hold onto power in the 1957 election. The conflict in Kashmir and operation Azad Kashmir in late 1955 gave the INC and Bose a boost of popularity in the polls, with Bose and the INC having a 84% approval rating in mid 1956. Bose's foreign policy victories have also be noticed, with India receiving backing from the three large powers since the collapse of Pakistan in 1955. Bose was also voted as the "Person of The Year" by the New York Times in 1956, giving him and India international recognition. Domestically, the policies implemented by Bose after his rise to power has been seen highly by the Indian people, with the first 5 year plan being hailed as a success with India's continued agricultural reforms, the rebuilding of infrastructure and industrialization. India began the expansion of its rail system to suite the needs of the people and economy, with the entire Indian Rail Corporation being nationalized in 1952. Bose plans to continue to build and modernize and expand India's industry to more effectively fight against poverty, which is the issue that stricken the people of India.

The Indian National Congress under Bose easily won his second term in power, winning 412 seats out of 494 in the Lok Sabha. The Congress Party gained 15 more seats, with their vote share increasing from 80% to 83%. Other parties, such as the Communist Party of India, which is the second largest party, won only 27 seats and the Swatantra Party winning only 7 seats, with the rest being independents. 45.44% of Indians voted in this election, it being the largest voter turnout in the history of India.

Results:

Indian National Congress [INC]: 412/494 [83.5%] Forms Government
Communist Party of India [CPI]: 27/494 [5.4%] Official Opposition
Swatantra Party [SP]: 7/494 [1.4%] Opposition
Independents: 48/494 [9.7%] Opposition

Second 5 Year Plan

The State Planning Commission of The Republic of India has approved the second 5 year plan [1957-1960], proposed by Netaji Subhash Netaji Bose and the Congress leadership. The second plan will continue the basics of the previous 5 year plan, with the development of the public sector, reformation of agriculture and rapid industrialization. The plan will attempt to maximize efficiency and growth of the economy by determining the optimal allocation of investment between productive sectors. The plan will assume a semi closed economy, now allowing the import of goods from overseas to be licensed in India and to be manufactured in India. Hydroelectric power projects and five steel plants at Bhilai, Durgapur, and Rourkela are planned to be built with the help from the Soviet Union and Great Britain along with the increased output of coal and the expansion of rail in the northeast of the country. The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research and Atomic Energy Commission of India are to be established as research institutes in 1958, along with a talent search to begin the process of training future students in nuclear power. The budget under the new 5 year plan will be allocated to various sectors: power and irrigation, social services, communications, transport, and defense with the targeted growth to be 5% every year. The plan also stresses the importance the India's biggest industry, agriculture. The production of wheat is to be improved by continuing land reforms and to mechanize agriculture, with the goal to have an abundance to be farmed every year. The construction of dams will continue along with the construction of fertilizer and cement factories.

The crusade to improve the country's literacy from 52% to 70% by 1960 will continue. The government plans open schools in rural areas, allowing access to higher education to Indians living in rural villages. The central government will also hand off responsibility of secondary and post secondary education to the states, with the central government giving each state government quotas to raise the level of education in certain communities.

Finally, the Indian government will establish the Indian national highway system and will begin the process to widen and modernize roads to accommodate the increasing traffic and tourism in India.

Sudanese Forces Regroup at Islamabad

The jihadists fight with unmatched zeal at Gurdaspur, but they stand no match against the Indian forces gathered against them. With the collapse of the assault on Gurdaspur, the Sudanese volunteers involved in the attack retreat out of India, and stream back towards Islamabad. After several days of chaos, the Sudanese government re-establishes contact with the officers sent to lead the volunteers, and the battered Sudanese regiments reform. Field hospitals are set up in the Pakistani countryside, using whatever the Sudanese can find, and the volunteers rest and recuperate, having suffered through every hardship imaginable. They are in no fighting shape, and during the retreat many of the volunteers lost or threw down their weapons.

New Oil Wells Constructed in Kordofan

Qadir's modernization continues while Sudanese volunteers die in the Indian subcontinent. Several dozen new wells are constructed in northern Kordofan, a region of southern Sudan, bringing the total number of wells in the region to well over 100. Most of the oil extracted so far has gone straight into storage, while the rest has gone to the Mahdist military.

La Longueuil Presse
1954

Ed Martin Win Conservative Bloc Prime Minister Candidacy

After a contentious race, Ed Martin has come out victorious as the candidate for Prime Minister for the Conservative Coalition. Ed Martin won the race with 51.4% of the vote compared to Henry Shipstead’s 48.6%, marking the first Lawrencian Party candidate for Prime Minister in the past three decades.

While Shipstead’s office did release a written concession, Shipstead has not made any move for a public one. The concession given is as well seen as bare-bones by many, with no traditional speech for the winning candidate of the block.

Many within the Conservative Bloc are worried that this move by Shipstead will lead to their downfall in the national election. The Conservatives Bloc has gone down three points in the polls. Though recoverable, the three points are enough for the block to be pushed out of parliament by a large left-wing coalition.

Martin has begun campaigning across the nation. Though many were surprised by his campaign schedule, with very few planned visits in the provinces of Wisconsin and Minnesota. Upon reaching out to the Martin campaign, they sighted the region's strong left-leaning position and lack of conservative support for their lack of presence in the region on the campaign trail. Many conservative members of Wisconsin and Minnesota have shown great upset for this move by the Conservative Bloc, seeing themselves as “abandoned” by Martin and being “thrown” to the liberals.

Disclaimer: This is a work of fiction. Names, characters, businesses, places, events, and incidents are either the products of the author's imagination, or used in a fictitious manner. Any resemblance to actual persons, living or dead, or real-life events is unintentional and/or coincidental, and does not reflect the current real-life situation regarding said topics, nor does it reflect the author's stance on any issues. Certain elements within this work may be considered offensive, objectionable, graphic, or otherwise obscene to certain individuals. In any case, reader discretion is advised.

Renmin Ribao/People's Daily - Jul 14 1957*

    Widen the Role of Women in Building Socialism: Zhang Yun's Speech

    Under the leadership of the Communist Party, the Chinese people have persisted through decades of bitter struggle, sacrifice, and we have taken up the positions of the fallen as to rise again. We have finally achieved revolutionary victory, established the People's Republic, and the people have become the masters of the nation...

    Following two revolutions (the People's Democratic Revolution and the Socialist Revolution), Chinese women have been completely liberated from the four ropes of patriarchy, theocracy, rule by the clan, and rule by regime; the root cause of female oppression has been dug out. Since then, the history of female oppression and inferiority has ended, and a new historical page of gender equality begins.

---------

The Five Goods Movement

The All-China Women's Federation (ACWF) has officially introduced the Five Goods Movement.

Through the development of a family culture, the whole society will advocate for a new civilized atmosphere based on a shared respect for the old, care for the young, equality between men and women, harmony between spouses, and diligence. Thrift and frugality were emphasised practices

The Movement emphasises five virtues:

  • Loving the country, obeying the law, and enthusiastically considering the public welfare;

  • Learning and enterprising, dedication to one's career;

  • Equality between men and women, respect for the elderly and love for the young;

  • Quality education;

  • Diligence and protecting the environment well.

The movement aims to increase cohesion among the family unit, to strengthen female contributions to the nation's socialist drift, and to mobilize women to engage in civic participation.

* http://52.34.104.77/renminribao/1957/7/15/6/

Great Lakes Communiqué
Meet Our Candidates

1954

Conservative and Lawrencian Party, Conservative Bloc - Ed Martin
Martin was elected Premier of Erie in November 1942 after being a seasoned Major General. He was elected as a Lawrencian to the Great Lakes Senate in 1946. Martin was re-elected to the Senate in 1952.

Martin is an interventionist within the conservatives that seeks further investment in the Laker military. He sees that although the Great Lakes are the third-largest economy, their military lacks far behind other nations. He acknowledges that the Great Lakes must solidify their place in the new world through military and technological might.

Ed Martin won the Conservative Bloc Candidateship amongst a highly contested race against Conservative Party leader Henrik Shipstead, being the first Lawrencian candidate over the bloc since 1919. The heated battle between Martin and Shipstead has many constituents worried about the stability of the Conservative Bloc, something seen in the polls.

Prior to bloc elections, the Conservative Bloc polled at 54%, enough to maintain their parliamentary majority. After elections, they saw a seven-point decrease, polling at 47%. Martin now has to worry about the bloc’s instability and the possibility of not having enough seats to form a traditional solely conservative majority coalition.

Liberal Party - G. Mennen Williams
Williams worked with the law firm Griffiths, Williams and Griffiths from 1936 to 1941. Law firm partners included Hicks Griffiths and Martha Griffiths, recently elected Huron’s first woman Member of Parliament.

During World War II, he served four years in the Great Lakes Navy as an air combat intelligence officer in the North Atlantic. He achieved the rank of lieutenant commander and earned ten battle stars. He later served as the deputy director of the Office of Price Administration from 1946 to 1947, and was named to the Huron Liquor Control Commission in 1947.

On November 2, 1948, Williams was elected Premier of Huron, defeating Premier Kim Sigler with the support of labor unions and dissident Republicans. Among his accomplishments was the beginning of the construction of the Mackinac Bridge. He appeared on the cover of Time's September 15, 1952, issue, sporting his signature green bow tie with white polka dots.

Williams believed the Huron Department of Corrections was underfunded and outdated, and that the state's prisons were dangerously overcrowded. While visiting the St. Ignace Branch Prison in July 1950, Williams was attacked and briefly held hostage by a group of three inmates hoping to escape. The Premier had a knife held to his throat, but his attackers were soon overpowered by his bodyguard and prison employees. One of his attackers was shot dead. Williams was unharmed and mostly unshaken, choosing to continue on with his tour of the Huron Exclave. He used the attack to his political advantage, blaming it on budget cuts made by the Conservative-controlled Huron Legislature.

Also during Williams' time in office, a farm-marketing program was sanctioned, teachers' salaries, school facilities and educational programs were improved and there were also commissions formed to research problems related to aging, sex offenders and adolescence behavior.

Williams named the first woman judge in the state's history as well as the first black judge. At the 1952 Liberal Party Convention he fought for insertion of a strong civil rights plank in the party platform and secured party leadership. Williams is seen as a more left-leaning member of the Liberal Party and won leadership in the possibility of a strong left coalition with the far-left Progressive Party.

Williams is backed by the Liberal-Farmer-Labour Party, polling at 38%.

Progressive Party - Robert M. La Follette Jr.
The Wisconsin Progressive Party saw a resurgence in the state with the election of Orland Steen Loomis as Governor of Wisconsin, in the 1942 election defeating Republican incumbent Julius Heil, and Robert La Follette Jr.’s holding on to his Senate seat, even through the contentious election of 1946, defeating the Republican candidate Joe McCarthy by 2,000 votes.

On September 29, 1925, La Follette was elected as a Conservative to the Great Lakes Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of his father. "Young Bob", as he was called, was a champion of organized labor. He gained national prominence between 1936 and 1940 as chairman of a special Senate investigating committee, commonly called the La Follette Civil Liberties Committee, that exposed the surveillance, physical intimidation, and other techniques used by large employers to prevent workers from organizing. He was chairman of the Committee on Manufactures in the 17th and 18th parliaments.

With his brother Philip he formed the Wisconsin Progressive Party in 1934, and the dominant party in Wisconsin. He was reelected with the Progressive Party in 1934 and 1940 as one of the Senate's leading isolationists.

In April 1943 a confidential analysis by English researcher Isaiah Berlin for the British Foreign Office stated that La Follette was the:

son of the celebrated Premier and brother of ex-Premier Philip La Follette of that Province. Intimately tied with the very peculiar "progressive" Wisconsin political organization, who started as an Isolationist Socialist and by degrees has turned into a confused anti-administration Nationalist. He is a very eccentric and unpredictable political figure who continues to be radical in internal issues and obscurantist in foreign affairs. He is said to be prepared to approve of Britain after she had expiated her past errors by more suffering than she had already endured. He is entirely independent of business interests and pressure groups, and his strength comes from the traditional place occupied by his family in Wisconsin. On the whole an ally of the Isolationists.

Under La Follette's leadership, the Progressive Party has consolidated control back over Wisconsin. What almost succumbed to a combined Liberal-Conservative effort to unseat the Progressive Party, has grown to control Wisconsin again and expand across the nation. The Progressive Party, through targeted expansion, has found itself taking hold in industrial reliant cities. The Progressive Party has seen itself establish new strongholds outside of Wisconsin in Lake City and the Ohio exclave of Yohogania, especially in the city of Wheeling.

La Follette is backed by the Socialist Party, polling at 15%.

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