In foreign affairs:
Accrediting and receiving diplomatic functionaries.
Ratifying international treaties upon authorization of Parliament (if required according to Article 80 of the Constitution).
Making official visits abroad, accompanied by a member of the government.
Declaring a state of war as decided by Parliament.
In parliamentary affairs:
Nominating Senators for life (that may be up to five altogether).
Calling the Chambers of Parliament into extraordinary session and dissolving them.
Calling elections and fixing the date for the first meeting of the new Chambers.
In legislative matters:
Authorizing the presentation of proposed governmental bills to Parliament.
Promulgating the laws approved in Parliament.
Remanding to the Chambers (with an explanation) and asking for reconsideration of a bill (permitted once per bill).
Appertaining to popular sovereignty.
In executive matters and as to official protocol.
Naming the Prime Minister of Palcania and appointing Cabinet ministers on the advice of the prime minister.
Accepting the oath of the government.
Receiving the resignation of a government.
Promulgating laws by decree, which are proposed by the government alone. Unless acted on by Parliament, these measures expire after 60 days.
Naming certain high state functionaries.
Presiding over the Consiglio Supremo di Difesa (Supreme Defense Council) and commanding the armed forces.
Decreeing the dissolution of regional councils and the removals of presidents of regions.
In judicial matters:
Presiding over the Consiglio Superiore della Magistratura (Superior Judicial Council).
Naming 5 members (one-third) of the Constitutional Court of Palcania.
Granting pardons and commutations.
Functions for Prime Minister
As the President of the Council of Ministers, the modern Prime Minister leads the Cabinet (the Council of Ministers). In addition, the Prime Minister often leads a major political party and is required by the Constitution to have the confidence of the majority of the voting members of the Parliament.
In addition to powers inherent in being a member of the Cabinet, the Prime Minister holds specific powers, most notably being able to nominate a list of Cabinet ministers to be appointed by the President of the Republic and the countersigning of all legislative instruments having the force of law that are signed by the President of the Republic.
Article 95 of the Palcanian constitution provides that the Prime Minister "directs and coordinates the activity of the ministers". This power has been used to a quite variable extent in the history of the Palcanian state as it is strongly influenced by the political strength of individual ministers and thus by the parties they represent.
The Prime Minister's activity has often consisted of mediating between the various parties in the majority coalition, rather than directing the activity of the Council of Ministers. The Prime Minister's supervisory power is further limited by the lack of any formal authority to fire ministers, although a Cabinet reshuffle (rimpasto) or sometimes even an individual vote of no confidence on the part of Parliament may in practice provide a surrogate measure.
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