Saniya Jellari (30 October 1743 - 3 January 1778) was a naturalist from Hangate of Sinja, Khas-Kirat Empire. Contemporary scholarship maintains that she was the first female naturalist working in the Khas-Kirat Empire. She was regarded as a respected naturalist by many prominent scientists such as: TBD scientists. Jellari is most famous for The List of Vargas, in which she describes many fauna (even some flora) across the Isles, including ink drawings of over 600 different species.
Jellari was born in Sinja City as the fifth child of a Newa (a Southern Kirati group) family. She was educated at home and her father, a physician, provided her with naturalist training following the new classification system developed by Carl Linnaeus. The Jellari clan owned a 3,000-acre estate (1,200 ha) surrounded by a forest and this stimulated the naturalist interests of young Saniya Jellari.
Between 1770 and 1773, Jellari (funded by her clan and the Hang of Sinja who was eager to find new islands to claim as his own) became a member of the Sinjali voyage around the Isles on board the ship Rapti. During the voyage, she compiled specimens and information on more than 600 species of animals and plants across the Isles; classifying them according to the system developed by Linnaeus. She developed a technique for making ink impressions of leaves and was also a skilled illustrator doing ink drawings of over 300 different animals. For many drawings she wrote additional zoological details; as well as their role in the local environment and the folklore associated with them. Most of this information came from indigenous people and Jellari could speak (while not fluently) various Ipachi languages.
The List of Vargas
In 1775, Jellari published her book The List of Vargas. While she included a few plant species, her book was mostly focused on various fauna across the Isles (and particularly those from the then Khas-Kirat Empire in particular).
She was also writing an untitled book focusing on the various flora she had documented during her voyage across the Isles. Unfortunately, it was never completed due to her untimely death in 1778.
Visitors to the Jellari baha noted that she was an excellent cook specializing in traditional Newa and various Ipachi cuisine.
In 1774, after returning from her voyage, Jellari married a major in the Sinjali army. Just two years later, in 1776, she went back to the Jellari baha with her newly-born son and daughter after being subjected to spousal abuse. In 1778, Jellari died after her son had died earlier that year as well. The Jellari clan blamed her early death on spousal abuse and the death of her infant son.
People across the Isles were not become aware of Jellari's book until a century later later when Mary Gladys Perkins, President of the Almorean College of Naturalists in 1926, stated that another female naturalist before her had documented many species of the Isles.
The capital of Mesderina was named Jellari's Landing in her honor. The Saniya Jellari Memorial Park was established on 1957 by the government of the Western Magarati Federation.
The official List of Vargas by the governments of both the Western Magarati Federation and the Eastern Kirati Socialist Republic are named after her book and contain many species first described by her.