The 2nd War of Old Utopian Succession
Allan Land invaded in 1786 with a force of 120,000 men. Although nobody liked Emanuel, they didn't want an Allan Landian on the throne either and stood by the king and coronated him. Emanuel amassed a force of 100,000 men and on the way to fight the Allan Landian king, he gathered 50,000 untrained soldiers from towns and cities he passed by. When he met the forces of Allan Land, he, to the horror of his elite soldiers, used the 50,000 untrained men as cannon fodder. And so the army of Old Utopia watched horrified as their untrained comrades were slaughtered. Emanuel was victorious but his soldiers would remember that battle forever.
The war ended with the treaty of Pandonus which established a truce between the 2 nations and made Allan Land pay war reparations. The money gained from these reparations were not used to pay respects to the families of those 50,000 soldiers but to fuel Emanuel's lust to dress lavishly and to decorate his palace in gold and diamond. This angered his populace and gave rise to a wave of unrest and revolt with people wishing the king to be gone. Out of this strife arose a politician by the name of Bernado Ajello.
Bernado Ajello is a complicated topic, some portray him as good, others as bad and we can never know for sure. When unrest raged rampant across Old Utopia, he was appointed the king's advisor due to him having a silver tongue and he could sway the minds of almost anybody. Bernado put down many revolts and turned people for the king, opposed to against the king. He was not able to solve every revolt and he failed to sway a group of people in Pandonus led by a man named Biel Albani who despised the king.
For his accomplishments, Bernado was appointed the title of President which gave him a lot of power. Emanuel was too busy with his lavish parties to notice that the unrest had not yet settled and left all of his problems to Bernado Ajello who saw his only chance to seize power. Meanwhile, Biel Albani moved from Pandonus to Kantonus along with his group of protesters and plotted to rebel. And So, with an incompetent and widely hated king, a conspiracy to depose him and a power-hungry politician, it became apparent to most kings, leaders and politicians of Lezra that crap was going to hit the fan. And it did.
Vive La Revolucion!
In 1793 Emanuel returned from his partying and seeing the unrest ordered his men to 'kill all protesters in the city' causing a massacre in Kantonus. This only enraged Biel who had escaped the massacre and on the 10th of March, his protesters rallied at Emanuel's palace. After being held at gunpoint, they stormed the palace and threw the king and his partying guests out the highest window causing the 2nd defenestration of Kantonus. After falling down 11 metres, the king and most of his guests survived. Supporters claimed that they were saved by angels from God, Biel and his protesters said that they fell in a pile of crap.
Emanuel was chased down by Biel and a huge gunfight in Kantonus went down. Bernado Ajello called a meeting between the king and Biel to resolve the dispute going on and end any further violence. The king was guaranteed by Bernado that he would be safe and he trusted the president, he misplaced his trust for it was a deadly trap. When the 2 sides convened, Bernado Ajello ordered his men to arrest the king and lock him up. He let Biel leave the meeting for the 2 had planned this. Emanuel had been deposed successfully and protesters celebrated this. But it was far from over.
Despite Emanuel being hated, there were still people who supported him, most of those people were nobles who had a lot of power. The Duke of Jurana and the Duke of Andrif supported Emanuel and sent a force to Kantonus to free the king. Emanuel would be set free and civil war erupted. Protesters proclaimed a revolution against the monarchy and death to Emanuel. Bernado Ajello remained in charge of the country and held many speeches in Kantonus to sway people against their king. Old Utopia was thrust into chaos as Biel and his supporters exclaimed long live the revolution.
Biel gathered soldiers while passing through towns. In such towns, he espoused his manifesto and rambled against the monarchy. He stated that kings and queens alike were not chosen by God and that that statement was a horrible lie. He believed that people should have the right to vote and choose their king for the will of the people was far stronger than God. This was a novice idea in Lezra and few before him had the same beliefs as Biel. Despite this, many people agreed with him and signed up to his army. He amassed 60,000 troops to face the 50,000 strong army of Emanuel. It was not yet proven whether Biel even had any skill with the military and the battle of Slindio, a small mining town, would decide his skill. Biel's army was unorganized, ill-equipped and the rambling politician knew very little tactics and thus the battle ended in a crushing defeat for Biel.
Biel retreated to the city of Leondar to gather a stronger and better-equipped army but a counter-attack from Emanuel would see him fail and retreat even further to Kantonus. To put a further strain on the rebels, the Duke of Pandonus, seeing fate turn against Biel and Bernado, sided with Emanuel and ordered his soldiers to turn against the rebels. By this point, Bernado was getting desperate and was worried that he might lose his war and he started to seek support. He wrote lots of letters and mailed them to almost every country possible but he got no replies for most nations were a monarchy. The tide of battle had turned undeniably against the rebels. Bernado, seeing this, decided to appoint a mercenary as general. A mercenary named Adriano Viola.
Adriano Viola had been across the world fighting in as many wars as possible and had gathered quite a reputation. After the war of the 5th coalition, he was a wealthy and wise man and accepted the position of general by Bernado for he was promised great riches. He rallied a force of 60,000 rebels and organised and equipped them. He stationed his army in Leondar and waited for Emanuel to attack. The king decided to blockade the city and force Adriano's hand and he succeeded. Adriano sallied out just like Emanuel wanted but the battle of Leondar ended with a defeat for the king causing him to retreat only to be caught by Adriano once again and almost half of his army was slaughtered. Now the tables turned once again with the Duke of Pandonus switching sides back to the rebels. Jurana would be captured in 1797 and Emanuel held out in Andrif, the last bastion of the monarchy.
The siege of Andrif would follow which ended with Emanuel surrendering his title of king for riches and life. These conditions were accepted by Biel and Bernado but both of them decided to put the king on stage and allow people to throw things at him. This event would be known as the Humiliation of Andrif and the king retreated to a chateau outside Kantonus. He would marry someone and have children and he would continue the line of the family of Von Strauss. Back in Old Utopia, it seemed that the civil war had reached a close and it did, if it was only temporary. For the moment that Bernado's and Biel's rival had been eliminated the 2 were at each other's throats. Adriano Viola sided with Bernado, for he could pay more and Kantonus was turned into a war-zone. By that point, democracy was split into moderates and extremists and both failed to reach a compromise.
The civil war had been contained to Old Utopia but Biel's extremism threatened to spread to a much larger scale. The monarchies of the world had been keeping a keen eye on this civil war for it was at the risk of spreading. The defeat of Manuel caused a mass-panic with all the monarchies worried about losing their heads. To show their people that the monarchies were not weak a coalition against the revolutionaries of Old Utopia was formed and this coalition declared war on Old Utopia in 1802 upon seeing the civil war between Bernado and Biel starting the war of the Old Utopian coalition or as it is most commonly known as the Revolutionary War.
The Revolutionary War
The Revolutionary War was the last huge-scale war that Lezra would have for a long time until the war of Turkish Koranian aggression. It was the war between monarchies and democracy and it ended what Frederick V started. It was the climax to the years of unrest and instability that followed after Frederick's defeat and upon the war's end, it would start a period of thinking known as the enlightenment where politicians and philosophers questioned the authority of the monarch and whether he was truly chosen by God. The war was split into 4 phases, the Allan Landian phase, the Austrontan phase, the Koranian phase and the Balticonian phase. The Allan Landian phase being a much more local war while the other 3 phases propelled the war into a much larger scale. The war starts with the Allan Landian phase, from 1802 to 1807.
The Allan Landian Phase
Allan Land invaded in 1802 with a force of 50,000 attempting to capitalize upon the warring between Bernado and Biel. Pandonus was besieged by the Allan Landian forces and they succeeded but not much later the city erupted in rebels and the Allan Landians were pushed out of Pandonus giving them a choice to go back to the troutwater mountains or head to Leondar without a supply line. They chose the latter and so 50,000 Allan Landians marched to Leondar and they returned to the mountains with 2 thirds of their army.
They had been utterly repelled by the Old Utopians in Leondar and suffered immense casualties. Biel and Bernado had stopped their infighting and united once again to deal with the Allan Landian threat and with the help of Adriano Viola they repelled them successfully. In an attempt to destroy the rebels and demonstrate that monarchies were still powerful, the Allan Landians had only proven that the revolution was strong and unwilling to die.
However, upon the defeat of Allan Land, Biel and Bernado returned to their infighting and once again, were unable to reach a compromise. In Yurnam street in Kantonus, the 2 sides would clash with bullets and steel and over 1000 people were killed. After the battle of Yurnam street, the strife between Bernado and Biel escalated into full-on civil war, the people supporting Bernado being called Bernats and the people supporting Biel simply being called the revolutionaries. In 1804 the 2 sides clashed at Midrov hill. 40,000 Bernats under the leadership of Adriano Viola against 60,000 revolutionaries with no clear leader. The Bernats would have the upper hand, being positioned on the hill and the revolutionaries would have to make a costly and tough upwards assault. Biel's soldiers marched up Midrov hill and marched down again with casualties. Their morale was still high though, and once again they marched up the hill only to be repelled a second time. And a third. And a fourth. And a fifth. And a sixth. And a seventh. And an eighth. And a ninth. And a tenth. Until finally on the eleventh, the line of the Bernats was broken and a mass route ensued.
The battle ended in a pyrrhic victory for the revolutionaries with both sides suffering mass casualties. The revolutionaries attacked the Bernats before they had a chance to recover by order of Biel but what he had failed to notice is that his army needed to recover too and the battle of the Albach forest in 1805 would end in total annihilation for both sides. Adriano Viola was slain but there were too little revolutionaries to continue Biel's push into Bernat lands. The civil war between the 2 sides had ended with no clear victor, no peace treaty and the destruction of the Old Utopian army. So obviously with the revolution having no soldiers, someone was bound to take advantage of this weakness.
The Austrontan Phase
Frederick VI, emperor of Austronta wanted to restore his father's empire and he also wanted to crush the revolution in fear of a similar one happening in his homeland. He was meant to declare war on 1805 but due to Austronta still not fully having adapted to the industrial revolution it mobilized its forces extremely slow and war was declared in 1807, 2 years after the year they meant to declare war on. Bernado was notified of the Austrontans mobilizations and thus Austronta's slow mobilization would give Old Utopia 2 years to prepare. As I said before, this phase thrust the war into a much larger scale by having a lot more nations being invested in it, with Austronta being funded by many nations and also had a lot more casualties.
In 1807, Frederick VI invaded Old Utopia with 90,000 soldiers thinking that it would be a walk in the park. It wasn't. He was immediately assaulted by revolutionaries employing guerilla tactics and he failed to deal with these assaults. It mattered little to him as the true threat to him had no general and was of little size. He occupied Leondar easily and moved to Kantonus. While marching towards the capital he was met with the full army of the revolution. The battle of Santon would occur and end with a decisive defeat for the revolutionaries. Kantonus would be besieged not long after but ended with an Austrontan defeat. Frederick VI attempted to besiege the city once more but again he would be defeated. He decided to blockade the city with his army and navy but a counter-attack from an Old Utopian fleet would see this blockade fail.
Once again, the monarchies of the world had failed to crush the revolution only igniting a spark of unrest in their countries. The nations of Lezra imposed an embargo on Old Utopia helping Frederick attempt 1 more blockade. His blockade would weaken the garrison of Kantonus and when the 3rd siege of Kantonus occurred, Frederick was able to achieve a victory and enter the city. There he saw no surrender from Bernado or Biel and battles took to the streets. For 2 weeks Frederick spent his time suppressing revolts in the streets and dealing with guerilla warfare. The Karlos courthouse, where Bernado was residing, was defended vigorously and so was 'The drunken Shibe' the bar which Biel resided in and espoused his manifesto. After a whole month, Frederick would leave Kantonus with no surrender.
Although the Austrontan emperor had failed to capture Kantonus the rest of Old Utopia would fall under occupation much faster. Emanuel was imprisoned by Frederick and sent to Austronta. His family lived on but he died in his cell like his uncle Klaus II. Kantonus became the last bastion of the revolution and Frederick VI was determined to push into the city with full force. The 4th siege of Kantonus would result in again, no surrender and a long period of suppressing revolts in the streets. Frederick VI did not leave this time and attacked again and again. Although he did not wish to leave, his soldiers did and most of them deserted their emperor.
The Austrontan phase had ended with yet another failure from the monarchists and Frederick VI stopped his invasion and instead decided to call in Greater Korania, his ally. The Koranians would attack Old Utopia while Frederick VI managed the funding and money. So, in 1810, Korania declared war on Old Utopia, starting the Koranian phase.
The Koranian Phase
Korania was being ruled by an oppressive regime and like Allan Land and Austronta, sought to destroy the Old Utopian revolution to demonstrate to its rebels. This phase had the most civilian casualties, with almost 2 million civilians reported having died. Korania invaded in 1810 and besieged the closest city, Andrif. The siege was successful and any revolutionaries inside it were brutally murdered. Unlike the Austrontan phase, Bernado and Biel amassed an army of 70,000 soldiers to fight the Koranians. The march to Andrif would be long and painful for the revolutionaries and over 4000 died on the way. Meanwhile, the Koranians were occupying land around Andrif and were in close proximity to the city of Jurana, home of Leopoldo I. To avoid the city being reinforced by the revolutionaries, the Koranians attacked straight away without any blockade. This gave them an advantage when the revolutionaries arrive and the siege of Jurana would end in failure for the revolution.
With a defeat at Jurana, the revolution failed to halt the Koranian invasion and soon the 70,000 revolutionaries were pushed far back into Leondar. The army of the revolution desperately needed a leader, but without Adriano Viola, it had none. But luck would come to Bernado and Biel with a man from Sastaville accepting the position of general. This man was Kilian Meisner and he would lead the armies of the revolution to victory, or so Bernado hoped. Kilian faced a crushing defeat losing almost 15,000 soldiers at Leondar and he was faced with a choice to either retreat to Pandonus or Kantonus. He chose the former, as Pandonus would have better defences, being in the mountains. Hoping the Koranians would chase him, he intended to use Pandonus's strategical location to defeat them but this would not happen. Kantonus would be besieged first to surrender Bernado. By order of Kilian, Bernado and Biel left the city incognito and so the Koranians entered Kantonus finding no surrender.
The Koranian troops moved up to Pandonus and Kilian would send a force of 20,000 men from the Duke of Pandonus to halt them and hopefully defeat them but the battle of Leopoldo's peak would see these men slaughtered. At last, the Koranians would arrive at Pandonus and besiege the city. The Koranian general was an impatient man and instead of blockading the city, he attacked it straightaway. Kilian put up a vigorous fight and the Koranian general would fail, making him have to blockade the city. But in January of 1813, an extremely harsh winter set in and the general decided it was time to leave. Kilian saw that now was the time to strike and he attacked the Koranian forces while they were packing up to leave, commencing the battle of Linzo.
Kilian moved in with his infantry and grenadiers and he was supported by cavalry on his right and left flanks. The Koranians were still forming positions when Kilian had almost arrived. A barrage from Kilian's cannons would see a rout from the Koranian cavalry and when Kilian ordered his grenadiers to begin firing upon the Koranian infantry all hell broke loose. The Koranians were reported to have fired 15 shots before a mass rout ensued. The Koranian general was shot and killed and any fleeing man would be caught by a cavalry charge and surrender. The Koranian army was almost 250,000 strong, by the end of the battle, almost every soldier was killed or had surrendered leaving the Koranian army all but destroyed. And so, the Koranian phase ended with a battle turned massacre.
Korania still had far more soldiers back home but the absolute destruction of their invasion made the Markovs pull out of the war leaving no attacker remaining against the revolutionaries, the people of Old Utopia under the leadership of 2 mercenaries had been able to defeat around 390,000 soldiers and now the mere sight of the banners of the revolution would make any soldier run in fear. The revolution of Old Utopia had become feared throughout the world and talk of a treaty to end the war began spreading. But there was still one man willing to fight the revolution. And that man was Calobo IV.
The Balticonian Phase
Calobo IV was determined to cut this crap at its foundation and end the revolution once and for all. In mid-1813 he declared war upon Biel and Bernado and invaded Old Utopia with a force of 200,000 soldiers. This phase was the climax to the war and was the most brutal and most iconic phase. Kilian's forces marched to Leondar to prepare for the coming battle while Calobo IV marched north to Pandonus attempting to avoid Kilian's men. Kilian, realising this, marched quickly back to Pandonus and it became clear that a battle between the 2 forces would occur.
In November 1813, the 2 forces clashed on the same battlefield as the battle of Linzo. Kilian was thought mad for even engaging such a well-prepared force but using tactics of Frederick V he was able to hold off for a while until reinforcements arrived. 40,000 troops, the garrison of Pandonus arrived to meet Calobo's forces. This was thought a risky move by both Bernado and Biel because it did not even the odds one bit and should the battle end in a defeat, Pandonus would be undefended. Kilian was gambling Old Utopia at extreme odds and he was told by Bernado to not carry on with his plan. But he did it anyway and when reinforcements arrived many Balticonian lines simply broke and ran in fear only to find themselves at gunpoint of a revolutionary. Calobo IV was trapped between 2 sides and he could not get out, Kilian's plan had worked. As the Old Utopian forces enclosed on the Balticonians it seemed that the battle was a defeat for Calobo. But he ordered his soldiers to just make a run for it, to push into Kilian's line as hard as they could to survive. This strategy worked and Calobo IV was able to retreat with 70,000 of his soldiers. The revolutionaries had lost 10,000.
While definitely a victory for the revolutionaries, Calobo's army ran rampant across Old Utopia and Kilian failed to catch up with him. The Balticonian king did not rely on supply lines but instead, his soldiers would go out and find food, usually from hunting but sometimes from raiding. This strategy allowed the Balticonian troops to move much faster while Kilian and his forces lagged behind. Kantonus would be besieged taken, raided and when Kilian arrived, Calobo was long gone. Finally, an attack from the garrison of Leondar and a few men using guerilla tactics would slow down Calobo down enough for Kilian to arrive. A battle ensued which Kilian lost and suffered over 20,000 casualties. With this defeat, Kilian returned to Pandonus to replenish his troops and had to allow Calobo to capture all the other cities and territory of the revolution. Before Kilian had fully mustered his troops, Calobo arrived at Pandonus intent on taking the city.
It was now the spring of 1814 and Calobo had planned to attack during this season to avoid a retreat in the winter like the Koranians. The blockade on Pandonus was long and brutal and Kilian did not sally out. The revolution intended to hold out for as long as possible until winter arrived. Amazingly, the city was able to hold out for 16 months, so a year and 4 months until Calobo occupied the city. Unfortunately, Kilian's plan did not work and Calobo did not leave during the winter instead occupying the city during that time. In February 7th 1815, Balticonian troops entered the city, Biel, Bernado and Kilian were taken captive and the revolution ended.
Or so Calobo thought because the capture of the revolution's leaders did not crush the people's resolve but bolstered it. Kantonus, Pandonus, Leondar, Jurana and Andrif all erupted into chaos. It became apparent to Calobo IV that suppressing the revolution would require a lot more than the imprisonment of its leaders. The revolts of 1815 would have Balticonian soldiers march around Old Utopia, quelling rebellion after rebellion but when one revolt was suppressed, 2 more would take its place. Suppressing was not enough and Calobo would have to make a choice. On June 9th, 1815, the Duke of Pandonus would be taken to the main plaza of Pandonus and publicly hanged. He was made a martyr and Calobo IV threatened that if the revolts did not stop, Bernado, Biel and Kilian would be hanged. This did not stop the revolt and the people of Pandonus took up arms against the Balticonians and stormed the prison, freeing Kilian and Bernado. The Balticonians were ousted out of Pandonus and this only made other cities rise up and oust the Balticonians too.
Kilian amassed a force of 100,000 peasants, slightly trained soldiers and elite men to fight Calobo IV. The 2 forces met and Kilian outmanoeuvred the Balticonians resulting in a victory. The Balticonian king would be ousted from Old Utopia. After this Allan Land called a 2nd coalition against the revolution but Korania had other affairs, Frederick VI was not willing to fight the revolution and Calobo IV was still recovering from his defeat so nothing happened. By now everyone just wanted peace and nobody was willing to fight the revolution even more than they had already so peace was the only option. But the question was peace at what cost?
Peace At All Cost
The Congress of Kantonus was held by the members of the coalition against the revolution and the leaders of the revolution themselves. It started in February of 1816 and would end in June 1816. After a lot of talking, arguing and debates, the Congress had agreed to a treaty. The members of the coalition would recognise the People's nation of Old Utopia as a sovereign state... and nothing else. This enraged Biel to Bernado's dismay and he left the Congress. He made a statement refusing the treaty, the deaths of so many people would not be for nothing, he would have their deaths repaid, or else.
Bernado, seeing this, knew he had no choice and gathered an army to destroy Biel. Biel was ready but Bernado allied with monarchists this time and without Kilian, there was no hope for Biel's revolution. The forces of Bernado enclosed on the supporters of Biel and told him to surrender. He responded with 'give us our wants or give us death!". Bernado chose the latter. The forces of Kilian fired up on Biel and his men and the father of the revolution died at the hands of his fellow comrade. The treaty of Kantonus would be signed by all members of the Congress and in Kantonus Bernado held a speech.
"Ladies and gentlemen, the treaty of Kantonus has been signed! The revolution is established on the principles with which it began!"
"It is over."
The Revolutionary Aftermath
The war affected many nations in many ways. Korania was left partly broken after this with a quarter of their military gone and in the late 19th century it would break apart. Austronta would remain an empire but it weakened over time and its army, navy and influence in the world would greatly diminish. Allan Land would also remain an empire but like Austronta, its power and influence would diminish greatly. After the death of Calobo VI, Balticonia experienced a series of cruel rulers until in 1923 the Balticonian civil war broke out and a federal republic was established to replace the monarchy. Many nations were affected and none more so than Old Utopia who after its brutal revolution became a bastion of political freedoms and civil rights for the rest of its history, until Marciano Silvio. You can't have a revolutionary war without a revolutionary aftermath.