General Assembly Resolution # 557
A resolution to improve worldwide human and civil rights.
Category: Civil Rights
Proposed by: Greater Cesnica
The General Assembly,
Acknowledging that the specific targeting of private digital communications pertaining to certain individuals may be justified in the interest of protecting the general public from criminal acts,
Noting, however, that the practice of carrying out digital surveillance without the use of warrants, especially in cases of mass digital surveillance, has not been demonstrated to prevent acts of terrorism or other unlawful activities to any meaningful degree,
Aware that data collected from unwarranted digital surveillance is at risk of being accessed or stolen by unauthorized entities, with such data collection thus posing a risk to the integrity of private communications and data,
Seeking to preserve the guarantee to personal privacy and prevent violations of civil liberties,
Defines for the purposes of this resolution:
"digital surveillance" as the collection or monitoring of digital communications through mediums that are ostensibly private,
"warrant" as an authorization issued by a court of law for the purposes of carrying out digital surveillance, and
"unwarranted digital surveillance" as any digital surveillance that lacks authorization via a warrant, where the warrantless carrying out of digital surveillance is not necessary to prevent imminent serious injury or death to one or more persons.
Prohibits member states from:
carrying out unwarranted digital surveillance,
using the services of private entities or foreign governments to carry out unwarranted digital surveillance in their jurisdiction, or
using data gathered for non-prosecutorial or non-spying purposes for prosecutorial or spying purposes without a warrant.
the particular suspicion of unlawful activities needed to perform digital surveillance shall not be primarily based on an individual's religion, sexuality, race, nationality, gender identity, or any other arbitrary, reductive categorization and that
the following does not constitute "unwarranted digital surveillance":
the use of closed-circuit television cameras for surveillance purposes,
the voluntary acquisition of data by a police informant without authorization from a warrant,
the acquisition of data accessible in the public sphere, or
the digital surveillance of foreign government entities and/or foreign entities that pose an active threat to national security.
Affirms that the General Assembly may collectively act to further restrict surveillance operations in future legislation.